The Finnish PON Club's breeding conditions require from a breeding dog to:
- be healthy and in good condition
- be good tempered (not shy, nervous or angry)
- to have a clear sex mark and to respond to the breed image
- be able to take advantage of its nutrition and possess immunity towards diseases
- MALE: be at least 12 months when breeding
- FEMALE: be at least 18 months but not more than 8 years when breeding
- Be rewarded at least twice in official shows (by two different judges) with at least the grade of "very good", or to be declared as suitable by the Breeding Committee
- have HIP EXAMINATION with a result between A-C
- have been tested for HYPOTHYROSIS and healthy. Either the TSH/T4 test or TgAA negative
- EYES EXAMINED for hereditary eye diseases and healthy
- In justified cases the Breeding Committee can admit special permission to use a dog that does not fulfil some part of the abovementioned criteria, and therefore the combination will be approved by the Finnish PON Club's breeding committee.
The Finnish Kennel Club's PEVISA-regulation requires hip x-rays from a dogs that are to be used in breeding.
The Finnish PON Club has taken a step further: the parents must be x-rayed and healthy. The result must be A-C.
THYROID GLAND TSH / T4 test.
Among PONs, some hypothyrosis exists. The dogs to be used in breeding must be examined for hypothyrosis and healthy.
For examination the following are suitable:
Naturally both TSH and T4 grades must be normal. The test detects the condition of the thyroid gland at the moment of the test.
The result can also vary for instance during a females mating times. Also other problems in metabolism or illnesses can affect the T4 grade.
Also a numeral value is calculated from the ratio of T4 / TSH, and this value should be more than 30. In practise this means that a young healthy dog the value can be
more than 500, even 900. If the value is low, below 30, the dog might already be sick of hypothyrosis.
Grades for comparison
- T4 12-40
- TSH below 0,5
- T4 / TSH
- ratio more than 30
TgAA antibody test.
Must be NEGATIVE.
TgAA-examination gives longer run results. If the test is positive it means that the dog might at some point of its life became ill in hypothyrosis.
New examination should be conducted at the age of 5 years.
If the dog still at this age is TgAA negative but later on becomes ill in hypothyrosis, the nature of the hypothyrosis is considered as caused by the age.
This way it has been separated from the hypothyrosis that appears at the younger ages.
In connection with one group examination veterinarian Tapio Palolahti
informed us that the illness is classified as hereditary if it is reached at younger ages (i.e. between 2-3 years of age) even though the pattern of heredity is not clear.
If the dog gets ill for instance after 6 years of age, it is classified as hypothyrosis caused by age.
Hypothyrosis is a rather common hormonal disorder among middle aged and old dogs. Our practise regarding hypothyrosis tests is the same as in Sweden.
The Finnish PON Club requires that the PONs that are to be used in breeding must have eyes examined for hereditary diseases.
Renewal in this examination is recommended to the carried out at the age of 6 years. The dogs must be healthy.
At the grounding phase of the Finnish PON Club our breeding committee's objective was right from the beginning to have a healthy breed.
Therefore eye examination was included in our objective program in order to notice possible illnesses at the very beginning.
From the country of origin of the breed there was no statistics available regarding the health issues and in the beginning all of the health results we received came from
Sweden, where some kind of eye illness had been noticed in PONs. Later on this illness has been associated with CCL-illness (canine ceroid lipofuschinosis).
Since in Finland no eye illnesses have been found in PONs, and only in rare occasions in other countries, the breeding committee has moderated the breeding
requirements regarding eye examinations. The examinations are not futile, however, since the Swedish PON breeding committee's has discovered that in connection
with CCL cases dystrophy of the pigment cells has been observed. Therefore it is important to still examine our dogs even though other eye diseases have not been
IN BREEDING IT IS NOT ALLOWED TO USE A DOG THAT:
FROM THE BREEDER IT IS REQUIRED THAT HE/SHE
- is shy, nervous or angry
- has strong pigment defect in lips, snout or eyelids
- has incorrect bite
- has hips of level D-E
- has epilepsy and/or descents it, or some other severe hereditary illness
- has some severe hereditary eye illness
- MALE: has testicle faults or its testicles have landed only after 6 months of age, or if one or both testicles are too small
- Hysterotokotomy is not considered as to diminish the breeding value of the dog but if the dog has twice delivered by hysterotokotomy, it is not recommended to be used in breeding.
- is a member of both the breed organisation and the Finnish Kennel Club
- has signed the obligation of the breeders
- strictly follows this obligation and the guidelines given by the breeding program
- is honest in his/her breeding and also towards the breeding of other breeders
- uses in breeding only those females that fulfil the minimum requirements of breeding
- prior to breeding makes sure that also the chosen male fulfils the requirements
- removes from breeding a female if it descents in large numbers some illness or fault
- announces the breeding committee if something concerning/noticeable is observed in the litter
- takes care of the identification marking of the puppies before transfers
- takes care of the operation of possible omphalocele before transfers
- submits literal guides for feeding and treatment of the puppies to new owners
- follows the development of the puppies and advises and guides the owners in possible problems